Saturday, February 14, 2015

Life Along SDS Highway 101 with Frequent Vacations in Egypt

I just got a new computer and found this in my files!

Life Along SDS Highway 101 with Frequent Vacations in Egypt
   Finding support from those who travel the same road

We’ve been on a journey along what I like to call “SDS Highway 101” for almost twelve years now.  I have two boys who have Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome (SDS) and I can tell you that nothing can ever prepare a parent to hear that their child has a life-threatening, potentially fatal illness.   Finding support along the way has been a valuable tool in helping our family cope with the twists and turns of life along SDS Highway 101.

had neurosurgery (they cut the base of his spinal cord) and in December 2006, we learned that there was a possibility that Joseph may need a bone marrow transplant.   We later found out that he did not have a match in the National Marrow Donor Program Registry and were devastated.  Both of my boys are about to have their fourth bone marrow biopsy in just over a year  because they have had abnormal findings of del 20q and del 7q.   The SDS Highway 101 has many exits along the way.  Sometimes we are able to choose where we get off and other times we are forced off the highway.    While we often experience traffic jams and construction,  we also experience driving smoothly along the scenic portion of the highway from time to time, too.   Of course, there are bumps in the road, dangerous curves, and narrow sections along the way.  We’ve even experienced breakdowns.   The families we have met through the SDS support group have helped us tremendously.  They have been our tow-trucks and snow plows during some pretty scary times (breakdowns and snow storms!).   It helps knowing we are not on this journey alone.   

Sean and Joseph were both diagnosed at the age of two.  Their journey to diagnosis was a long one, one where we did not have experienced families to talk to.  Not long after Sean was diagnosed in 1998, a friend and I started an SDS email list on what was then called One List (now Yahoo Groups).   This daily contact with other SDS families became a life saver for me.    These families helped us through many a road block and trial.  Over the years, I have been blessed to meet these parents at various conferences, camps and in Cincinnati where my boys are seen at the Bone Marrow Failure Clinic at CCHMC.  It has been wonderful being able to meet and connect with these families – especially when we are at the hospital in Cincinnati.  It has helped my two boys cope with their hospital visits and the long trip to Cincinnati.   One time, Joseph forgot he was going to CCHMC to have a bone marrow biopsy done!  He thought we were going up there just to visit his SDS friends.   

One of the coping mechanisms I have adopted over the years, is to take virtual vacations to Egypt.   It started off because I would tell people I was in denial about the boys having SDS and would tell them that I was, “Cleopatra, Queen of Denial.”     I would talk about floating down Denial River and how I was so far up Denial River that I could see up Marc Antony’s skirt.    One day, another SDS mom mentioned vacationing in Egypt and sitting on top of the Great Pyramid and so it began…..our entire support group began taking regular virtual vacations to Egypt.   I am the one who always brings the umbrellas for our virtual adult beverages as we float along the river.  I like the brightly colored paper umbrellas, they are important to me.  

As you can see, life along SDS Highway 101 can even have its entertaining moments.   I have leaned on these friends a lot in the past year and a half.  In October of 2006, Joseph These curves in the road have been scary, but I am not alone.  I have faith that God is always with me, but I also have the wonderful friends I have met along SDS Highway 101.  I do not know what I would have done without the support of these wonderful friends.   

Life is a highway.  It has been a blessing to have people with me who have already been to the exits I am approaching.  As we face the possibility of transplant, the families who have experienced transplant have reached out and shared their experiences with me.   I cannot thank them enough for their love, encouragement and support.  I hope that I have been able to help other families through the sharing of my experiences, too.

You are not weak because you reach out for support from others.  We all have the need to be understood.  If you are battling a chronic illness, find others who are on the same highway.  Sharing your experiences can make you a stronger person and better able to deal with your child’s illness (or your own).  If you have a family member with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome, I encourage you to find support.  Those of us with SDS children travel down the same SDS Highway 101 and through the Shwachman Syndrome Friends and Family list, we have helped one another cope with the twists and turns of SDS Highway 101.   

Tuesday, February 10, 2015

Out of the Darkness: Life with Chronic Illness

I first wrote this in Sept 2009

Out of the Darkness: Life with Chronic Illness

Many readers are coming from the same place: life with chronic illness. We can all relate to the ongoing debates in our minds, "Should I have done more?, Should we go to yet another specialist? Is this next opinion the one that counts as 'too many'? Am I crazy for wanting answers?" We struggle with these ongoing thoughts and wonder if we will ever have what we deem a "normal life". As I often say, none of us live in that elusive land called "Perfect". Often times, we find that our world is tumbling out of control. Stress, hospitalizations, trying to balance school, work and play wreak havoc on our lives. You might have already been there. I have already been there before......that dark recess of gloom. Thankfully, I've always managed to make my way out of the darkness and back into the light.

Climbing out of the dark place we sometimes find ourselves in can be very difficult. Once we get out of the dark pit, it can also be difficult not to backslide right into that same dark place we try so desperately to avoid. Life with chronic illness is a challenge. Not only do we have the challenges all other parents on the planet face, we also have to fit in extra medical appointments and procedures for our children. If your family is like mine, you are also performing various medical procedures at home on a daily basis. Lastly, let us not forget the insurance and billing stresses along with the stress of financial responsibility. It is enough to push anyone over the edge.

So, what can one do to keep from falling down the slippery slope into the darkness? I certainly do not have all of the answers, but I do have a few ideas that have made a difference in my own life. The one thing that has made the biggest difference in my life has been to pay attention to my own spiritual needs. Most of us do an okay job of taking care of our physical needs, but more often than not, tend to neglect our spiritual needs.

When my boys were much younger, we were living in San Antonio, Texas. Living there afforded me the opportunity I have not had in other places we have lived. I was able to go to a twenty-four hour Adoration chapel at our own parish church. It was perfect. I could go alone to pray once the boys were asleep.  Sometimes, a close friend of mine would come with me. We would sit in the chapel from midnight to until two in the morning. It was a place of serenity and calm. Something rarely achieved in a household with three toddlers bouncing around! In this place, I could pray and just listen to what God was trying to say to me. Another plus, as I often felt I missed what God was trying to tell me amid all of the, "Mom I want, mom I need, mom I've got to haves" of each day.

Once we moved, it became increasingly harder to find the quiet space I needed for prayer and meditation. Even now with older children, I still struggle with finding a quiet place to pray. One place that usually works for me is the bathroom. Dad can handle the kids and I lock myself in for an hour long bath. Soothes tthe tense muscles and gives my brain a rest...even with the occasional knock on the door, "Mom, I need...." as dad grabs them away. I use this time to read books on the lives of the saints, pray or just sit in silence. Reading about the lives of the saints is something I find particularly helpful as many saints struggled with darkness. St. John of the Cross and his Dark Night of a Soul is something I have found particularly helpful. Obviously, I am Catholic, but you can use these techniques to fit your own spirtuality. 

One way in which I take care of my physical and spiritual needs at the same time is by taking a long walk. Many years ago, my father-in-law gave me money for Christmas and I bought the one thing that I claim has saved my sanity a number of times over. I bought an iPod! Not only do I use it when we are sitting in waiting rooms and on long medical trips, I can also walk and listen to music, the rosary, audio books or short meditations. It has truly been a life saver for me. Walking relieves stress and helps build a physically strong body. Of course, it is also nice to be alone and free for a short time. 

During a particularly stressful period recently, I was so riddled with anxiety that I started searching for natural ways to help relieve the physical pains it was causing. I came across this amazing tool kit by Dr. Andrew Weil, a Harvard trained physician who is also an expert in integrative medicine. What I love about his tool kit is that he is very open an honest. He says in the workbook, "You don't have to give up--or take in--any religious beliefs in order to meditate. While many forms of meditation come from religious traditions (Eastern and Western), you can apply the basic principles and techniques regardless of your belief system." He focuses on breath control and relaxation techniques. As he states in his book, "Meditation is simply directed concentration and involves focusing on an object: the breath, a repeated word or phrase (known as a mantra), or mental image." I have integrated his techniques that have been proven to alleviate stress and the effects of stress into my own Catholic belief system. For my mantras, I pick quotes from saints or a passage from scripture. My mental images are usually scenes from the life of Christ taken from the mysteries of the rosary. Obviously, concentrating on breathing to lower anxiety and your heart rate is just that...concentrating on your breathing. I share this in hopes that some of you who have been afraid to try meditation and breath concentration to alleviate stress might give it a whirl once you find out you can make it fit your own belief system. Dr. Weil takes it one step at a time, beginning with breath work. I was amazed with the results. Just learning to inhale and exhale properly while paying attention to my breaths, I was able to lower my heart rate, relax and reduce the effects of stress on my body.

Sometimes, the darkness is unavoidable. Something that has helped me from hitting the bottom as I free fall, much like Alice in the dark rabbit hole, is having a support group of close friends. Friends who are dealing with the same chronic illness and know the intricacies of daily life with SDS, Mito and medical issues. Talking to others about my anxieties, fears and receiving feedback is a valuable asset. It lets me know that I am not alone in my thoughts and feelings, that what I am feeling is normal. These friends have been there to pick me up when I fall, and I have hopefully been there for them in return. If you do not have access to a local support group, you may want to consider joining an online support group.

I also find writing to be a creative outlet that helps me to get back on track and out of the darkness. While I am not very good about keeping a journal, it does help me from time to time. I may only have a few entries a year, but it is my journal, so who cares!? I also write articles for a few online sources. The feedback from readers has been very encouraging and helpful. Other outlets might include a blog, online journal or family website. Do not underestimate the power of sharing your journey with others. It can be something positive and powerful!

The last bit of advice I can offer is just to let it go. I do not mean to let the darkness overcome you completely, but for a brief moment, allow yourself into the darkness and feel what you need to feel. I truly believe denying oneself the opportunity to feel these normal emotions of fear, saddness, and grief, one is never able to heal and move on. Allow yourself to cry, scream or just be sad. Our support group recently discussed this very topic and we realized that many of us were able to let go while driving. It was a time and place that we were alone and did not have to worry about family members being upset by our display of emotion. Of course, when driving, one must pay attention to driving and may need to pull over if the "session" becomes too overwhelming. I have found myself sitting in the car in the church parking lot many times. It is a safe place to sit alone and it works for me. 

We may not always be able to escape the darkness in our lives, but we can minimize the effects it has on our physical and spiritual well-being. The next time you find yourself slipping into a place you do not want to be, try focusing on your spiritual needs along with the other strategies listed hee and you might be pleasantly surprised to find the darkness disapears quickly. 

** as I get this article added to my blog, I realize that I need to get Dr. Weil's kit back out.... I've been dealing with quite a bit of stress lately (thank you new insurance plan) and need to minimize the effects of the anxiety!!!

Chronic Illness and Sibling Challenges

I wrote this back in July of 2010

Chronic Illness and Sibling Challenges

As a parent of two boys with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome (SDS) and secondary Mitochondrial Disease (Mito), I often wonder what life would be like without the double diagnosis. I know that we would define "normal" a bit differently than we do now. I know there would still be many challenges. Any parent knows there are plenty of challenges just raising healthy kids! Most parents have to deal with issues between siblings on a daily basis, removing chronic illness would not remove sibling rivalry.

On our way back from Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome week at Camp Sunshine, I was pondering how my children might be different had we never had the effects of SDS and Mito in our lives. I wondered if other families were more "normal" because they did not have SDS or mito in their lives. The answer to the first question is yes, our lives would be different. The answer to the second question is, in my opinion, no. Other families are not more normal, they just face other problems and challenges. I realized that our family would not me worry-free, problem-free or carefee if we were able to remove SDS and Mito from our lives. Raising kids is challenging in and of itself!

Sibling issues pop up for a variety of reasons, not only because one child has medical issues. Sure, the sibling problems may be intensified due to medical challenges, but I believe they would still be there. We have plenty of non-medical related sibling issues in our household. One child excels in mathematics and it drives his older brother insane! We have the typical, "I don't want my brother to tag along with me" issues and we have the daily sibling arguments over food, remote controls, video games and seating arrangements. We have had to deal with learning problems and issues with school work, too. When my oldest was younger, he did have a brief period of time where he thought hospital trips with his two younger brothers were fun and special times for his brothers. He accompanied us to the hospital for IVIG, bone marrow biopsies and other procedures a few times and realized his brothers were NOT having fun.  For the most part, I would say that the sibling issues we face day to day are the same as just about any other family. 

I think it is important for siblings not to be completely isolated from the medical events unfolding around them.  This helps them to understand that the sick child is not receiving preferential treatment. Seeing what happens first hand tends to make a big impression. It is also important to let the other children know that if they were ever sick or needed hospitalization, that you would be doing the same things. It can be scary for the children going through the medical treatments and for siblings and parents. It's okay to exprerss these emotions openly and honestly. They need to be addressed and can only be addressed if we acknowledge they actually exist.

Along the way, we have always been open and honest about what was going on in the medical realm of the boys' lives.Sometimes, I wonder if, perhaps, we have been too honest. I also wonder if our daily medical drama will scar them for life! Parents know their children best and only they are able to decide how much detail to share with their children. I'm sure many of you reading this know the medical drama of which I speak. No matter what medical procedure you have to do at home, shots, urinary catheterization, infusions, swallowing pills and medications, etc, there are bound to be times where the stress of it all leads to what we call "medical drama". I have been known to say, "There is no greater drama than pill drama" <insert cath drama or shot drama or whatever medical drama you are experincing at the moment>

Surprisingly enough, we have watched our oldest turn into a wonderful young man. He is full of comppassion, though not always for his own brothers, and has become a wonderful volunteer in our community. Looking back over the last fourteen years, we can see there are blessings to be had in having chronically ill children. The blessings are not always apparent during the crisis or in the day to day craziness, but the blessings are there. Slowly building, constantly changing until one day you realize the fruits of your insanity. When my boys were much younger, I wondered if they would ever turn into normal human beings coming from our insane world of "medical drama". So far, I can report that things are looking good.

**as I retype this article 5 years later, I can tell you that things are still looking good. My oldest is finishing his second year of college and my youngest two will hopefull be graduating in the next year and heading off to college. 

How to Communicate Effectively with Your Child's Doctor

I originally wrote this in July of 2009.

How to Communicate Effectively with Your Child's Doctor

Effective communication is a key ingredient in receiving the best health care for your child. As a parent, you are your child's best advocate and have the responsibility to ensure you are making the best choices for your child's health care. The only way to ensure quality of care is to be an effective comminicator with your child's doctors.

Before the first visit, make a list of symptoms your child has been experiencing. You will want to make a list of all medications and supplements your child is taking and write down any questions you have for the doctor. By writing these things down, you ensure that you do not forget any important details. This comes in handy if your child becomes fussy during the appointment. Fussy children are a distraction and often cause parents who do not have everything written down to forget key pieces of information.

At the first visit, be open with your child's doctor. Explain what your expectations are for communication, treatment and care. Make sure that you understand how results will be reported to you. Will the doctor call with results? Will the nurse call? Will results be available online? You need to be sure to find out office policies regarding reporting results, as well. 

Take notes during appointments. Write down the details of any procedures the doctor suggests and be sure to write down any medication instructions given at the appointment. I have found myself at the pharmacist and had the pharmacist ask, "Did the doctor tell you how this medication was to be given?" I usually write the answers to my questions next to the question in my notebook, so that I can review it again later. Do not be afraid to ask the doctor to repeat his answer. I have even asked them to spell words that I think are important to my understanding, yet do not know how to spell. 

If you have a sensitive topic that you would like to discuss with your child's doctor and you would prefer your child not to hear, ask the physician to discuss the matter in the hallway.

When you arrive home, review your notes and write down any questions you think of as you review the notes. I always keep the medical notebook handy so that I can write questions down as they pop into my head. I have often faxed or emailed my questions to the doctor in advance of our appointments so that the doctor can have his answers prepared when we arrive. 

If the doctor is part of your child's health care team, let him know what your expectations are in regard to communicationg with the other health care professionals on the team. If you expect the doctor to send reports to the other team members like your child's pediatrician or other specialists, then you need to let him know. Often times, the office has forms to fill out regarding who is sent copies of appointment notes.

If the doctor is unable or unwilling to fulfill your expectations, find a doctor who is willing to work with you. If your child's physician is not willing to spend time to answer all of your questions or listen to your concerns, it is time to move on to a doctor who will. Your child is precious and you are your child's best advocate. Through open communication, you can ensure that your child will receive the best care possible from his physicians. 

Monday, February 9, 2015

Beyond the Second Opinion: Is There Hope?

I wrote this back in May of 2009 - in the years after I wrote this, we've met at least 10 families with children the state accused of "medical child abuse"- many of whom whose only "fault" according to the state was seeking too many opinions. I believe that parents have the RIGHT to seek as many opinions as necessary.... but I would caution that hospitals now employ special physicians who look oout for families who seek too many opinions. 

Beyond the Second Opinion: Is There Hope?

Children with multiple health issue often require numerous specialists to care for their many needs. This can often leave parents feeling like the appointments are unending. When these appointments do not lead to fruitful, tangible results for the child, parents often wonder when enough is enough.  Often times, second opinions are sought to seek alternative treatment options. How many opinions are too many?

I do not believe there is such a thing as too many opinions when an effective treatment has yet to be found. As parents, we can never give up hope that viable treatment options exist. Certainly, there are exceptions, but I am here to tell you: do not be afraid to seek a second, fourth or fifth opinion. In some cases, it may be the seventh opinion that brings answers and an effective treatment for your child. Yes, you read that correctly, I said that it may be the seventh opinion that brings answers. Unless you seek, you will never find the answers. 

Do not be afraid to speak openly with your child's physician about your concerns and lack of an effective treatment. Do not be afraid to speak to your child's physician about wanting a second opinion.  I have found that the best doctors are the ones who are not afraid of second opinions. If a doctor geys a bruised ego, it is not your problem. The doctor needs to deal with it. Your job as a parent is to care for your child and to find the best medical care and treatments. I like to use the analogy of a football team to explain how I view things. 

I am the coach of our boys' medical team. Our pediatrician is the quarterback and the specialists are the other "team players" on the playing field of medicine. On the field, the quarterback calls the shots while the other players must comminicate and work with the quarterback to make the plays effective, thus leading to a score, and hopefully a winning game. The coach is in control of who goes in and out of the game. Bad attitude? Not a team player? You get benched. I am more of a college coach. Let's say, I am Les Miles. I go around the country, if need be, recruiting players who can fix the problems we have to make us a winning team. I'm not afraid of egos or stepping on toes, because my focus is on winning the game as a team with the best effective treatment for my children as a trophy. If all the players on my football team keep their eyes on the trophy, we will win the game.

Had I stopped searching for an effective treatment for my son after a few opinions, we would not be where we are today.  It is because of my persistence in pursuing effective treatment for him, that he can now go through the day without visible complications from his having a neurogenic bladder.  If we had stopped searching after opinion number six, my son would stll have uncontrolled high bladder pressures that could cause permanent kidney damage. We knew something was wrong by the time he was five years old, at nine he had neurosurgery and finally at eleven and a half and seven opinions later, we found an effective treatment plan.

All seven doctors agreed that my son had a high pressure, neurogenic bladder. All seven doctors agreed that we must monitor his kidneys frequently to ensure that he had not developed kidney damage. We spent years trying bladder training programs, biofeedback and various medications. None of these treatments was effective. Our first urologist moved away and left us with a second doctor who discontinues biofeedback. We left this physician after many trials. Doctor number three agreed with the previous two, tried new medications and one day declared, "Some children just leak urine their entire lives,' right in front of my son, who began to cry. That's when we knew it was time to leave opinion number three behind.

Doctor four was, by far, the most intelligent of the bunch up to this point. In fact, in spite of al the extra opinions, we had kept him involved in the care of my son for many years. He suggested something called a Tight Filum Terminale and sent us to a neurosurgeon. Post-surgical urodynamics showed improvement, but he continued to have problems and still did not respond to medications. We saw doctor number five when we were going through a bone marrow failure work-up at Cincinnati Children's Hospital (CCHMC). Doctor five agreed with doctor four.

We once again traveled from our home state of North Carolina to see a specialist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), because treatments were not working. Prior to the appointment, I did what I have always done. I faxed all of the pertinent medical records to the doctor. Having such a long drive for the sixth opinion, I wanted to be sure that there was a valid reason to be seen in the CHOP urology clinic. The doctor went over the records and I was told that he believed he could help my son. Urodynamics were repeated while he was still on medication. It showed that he still had a high-pressure neurogenic bladder. Same diagnoses as all the other opinions had discovered. We decided to try a new procedure, Botox injectons into the bladder. The doctor at CHOP had treated over twenty patients like my son successfully. After reading medical articles and speaking with doctor number four again, we decided to go ahead with the procedure at CHOP. The procedure was not successful. Still, I decided not to give up. I would continue to search for answers until we found an effective treatment.

The doctor at Duke had agreed to follow my son after the procedure at CHOP, even if there were complications. I was quite impressed with our Duke doctor in the past, as he thought it was a good idea to go ahead and seek other opinions. It is crucial to have doctors who are willing to work with others for the good of your child. After we figured out that Botox treatment had failed, we discussed what options we might have with both Duke and CHOP doctors.  It was agreed that we could try a higher dose Botox procedure. Because Botox is not a permanent solution (it wears off in 3-6 months) and there are risks involved, I decided that we would seek at least one more opinion before deciding to try th ehigher dose Botox procedure. 

I still laugh when I picture the nurse's reaction when she asked, "So, are you here for a second opinion?" I replied, "No, this is our seventh opinion." The look on her face was priceless, a true Kodak moment.  She trult did not know what to say. She was speechless for a moment, until I broke the ice by saying, "We are hopeful that this will be lucky number seven!"

The Complex Clinic at CCHMC had already gone over my son's records from all previous doctors, procedures and tests. The doctor I spoke to before travelling to Cincinnati told me that he felt he really could help my son. While there, he repeated urodynamics and had some other testing repeated that my son had not had since he was three years old. The results were the same and showed that even on medications and Botox, he still had pressures high enough to cause kidney damage.

This CCHMC doctor's opinion on treatment differed from the previous six. This new treatment has been quite successful and I am very happy that I decided to go ahead with seeking one last opinion. There were times on this journey where I felt maybe I needed to give up or that maybe there really were o other treatment options available. While I knew I was not crazy for doing everything I could to help my son, there were times that I would briefly entertain the notion that I just might be a bit nuts for seeking so many opinions. Let our story inspire you to keep searching for answers whould you find yourself in the same situation. The seventh opinion could be your game winning number, too. 

Saturday, January 31, 2015

Looking on the Bright Side of Chronic Illness

I wrote this back in January of 2009

Looking on the Bright Side

As parents of children with chronic health care needs, we are taxed with keeping our emotions in check and not allowing our anxiety to show. Our children depend on us to teach them how to cope with their illness. If we lose it, they will lose it. If we do not cope, they will not learn how to cope. This can be quite difficult in the face of constant stress and new medical challenges. One way that I have learned to manage is by counting our blessings.

One of my children with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome also has a plethora of other medical challenges. Among other things, he has had neurosurgery for release of tethered spinal cord and dealt with a neurogenic bladder for as long as he can remember. As we stood in an exam room long ago, I had to remind myself, "Pattie, if you don't lose it, he won't lose it. If you lose it, he will lose it. If you don't cope, he won't cope." At that moment, I immediately began to count my blessings and tried to see the blessings in his having to begin  intermittent catheterization (IC). It was very hard for me to contain my emotions when the doctor explained our options that day. I knew that everything I was feeling was magnified for Joseph.  I knew I had to keep my cool so that I could help him cope. It was difficult to find positives in IC, no doubt, but I knew if we wanted to make it through that first day, we would need to focus on the blessings to get us through. As our friend Angela Brown used to say, "Positive thoughts equals positive results." The first step in being positive is to count your blessings.

I admit that I am not always that great about counting my blessings, especially during periods of extreme stress. Before we began our training session, Joseph and I knelt down and prayed. My heart almost broke when he told me, "I don't think Jesus is with me. If He was with me, none of this would be happening." We later talked about how Jesus Himself cried out from the cross for His Father. I told Joseph that He did that so that we would know that He understood how we felt. We also talked about the positive side of IC while we were waiting for the nurse to come in to train us. We counted our blessings.

It has been life-changing to do intermittent catheterization every four hours during the day. I would be lying if I said I can always see the blessings in IC. The first week of IC was painful beyond measure. When he was upset one night during this first week, I began to talk to him about how we could look at the positives. This new treatment would be hard, but he would be dry and hopefully not have accidents. He would be able to go and play and not have to worry about accidents. He would not have to worry about whether or not his friends might notice. He could come in for IC and go right back out to play. I explained that while he had to restart medication he disliked, we would be doing it on a different schedule so that the side effects might be lessened. These were all things we could check off on the "positive" column. IC would also be protecting his kidneys from damage due to his high pressure, neurogenic bladder.

As he laid there in bed, he cried a bit when he realized that IC might be forever. Joseph said that he wanted to be a normal kid. I told him that I never wanted to minimize his problems or make him think that having health problems or having to catheterize was not a big deal or something worthy of being upset over. After I said that, I added, But, you know, we really need to count our blessings. There are so many children out there who have it much worse. While catheterization isn't fun, you will still be able to go outside and play, you can still ride your bike, play baseball, swim and so many other things. You'll have to catheterize every four hours, but you will still be able to do all of the things you were able to do before."

That night, we also discussed difficult topics. I told Joseph that even kids he feels are "normal" wish they were normal. It can be a normal part of childhood to feel as if you do not fit in, that you are somehow different than others--so what he was feeling was, in fact, NORMAL. We also talked about how everyone has strengths and weaknesses; everyone has struggles and suffering. These topics are not easy to bring up with a child, but they are important concepts for a child to learn. As parents, it is our job to help each of our children build upon their strengths and overcome their weaknesses, chronic illness or not. My one healthy son struggled for many years with reading comprehension problems while my SDS boys never dealt with learning disabilities. We all have problems to overcome, it is only a matter of degree. Counting your blessings is a conscious choice to look at the positive things in your life. While you do have to pay attention to the medical details, you do have a choice about how it affects your outlook.

Feeling better after our long talk, we said our prayers and he fell fast asleep. A few days later, as we were walking into the grocery store, Joseph announced, "Cathing isn't going to be so bad." His dad looked at him and said, "Well, that's a positive attitude to have." Joseph then said, "Well, I learned to look on the bright side from mom." That spoke volumes to me. As a mother, I really do influence how my children cope with adversity. If I am negative, then they will be negative. If I am positive and count my blessings, then they will learn to do the same.

Intermittent catheterization is our latest hurdle to overcome, but we have used the "technique" of counting our blessings to cope with the many other medical issues we have faced in dealing with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome and Mitochondrial Disease for many years now.

Joseph's Point of View: Looking on the Brighter Side
By Joseph Curran

My mom asked me if it was okay to print the article she wrote about counting blessings and looking on the bright side and I said okay. I told her that I would write something about looking on the bright side of things, too.

I am eleven and I have Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome and I have to do something called intermittent catheterization (IC). Life hasn't always ben easy, but I try to look on the bright side. I learned to look on the bright side because my mom taught me to. I was upset by IC until I looked on the bright side.

Since I was little I have had a lot of medical procedures and surgeries. I started looking on the bright side of things and got through the procedures and surgeries better. I learned that even when I am sad Jesus is with me, even when I think He is not. I learned to cunt my blessings and look on the bright side and that there is always something to be thankful for. Looking for good things when life is hard makes me feel happier.

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Helping Children Cope with Medical Procedures Using Social Stories

I wrote this in May of 2008.

Helping Children Cope with Medical Procedures Using Social Stories 

Having two boys with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome and secondary mitochondrial disease,, we have had to help the children cope with many medical procedures. We still continue to do weekly infusions of IgG (immunoglobulins) here at home, which has always been stressful for my youngest son. Several years ago, a friend told me to try using social stories as a means to help my youngest with his fear of getting blood in his lines while we infuse his weekly medication. Since then, we have used social stories in a variety of ways.

Our youngest so, Joseph, has always had more fears and anxiety about medical procedures than our middle son. He has a need to know exactly how things are supposed to be, how the procedure will "play out". If they do not go as planned, it can cause a meltdown situation. If he witnesses someone else having problems with their medical procedures, this causes him a great amount of angst, as well. He has stayed up late many a night worried about anything from getting blood in a line to worrying about his veins not being good enough to start an IV the next day.

What is a social story? Social stories were originally introduced in the early nineties to support the emotional and social development of autistic children. They were developed to help identify a concern and support a desired outcome in social interactions for autistic children. These stories are written about the child himself, thus making it unique to that child.

We modified the application of social stories to fit Joseph's unique fears. They worked like a charm! For instance, we were able to extinguish his fear of getting blood in his line through the use of a social story. The strange oart of his fear was that he had developed the fear not because he had gotten blood in his line, but because he had witnessed it happen to his brother. He obsessed about this happening to him constantly-even when it wasn't IgG infusion day. We developed a social story that went something like this:

"Joseph, have you ever gotten blood in your line before? No? Well. since you have not gotten blood in your line and you have better sites for your subcutaneous injections, the chances are that you will not get blood in your line. But, if you should, what would we do? We would remove the needle and catheter. We would then make sure we could insert another needle into a spot where you already have numbing cream. We would change out the needle sets and re-insert a new one. Then we would infuse your IgG and everything would be okay."

We repeated the story over and over again, and each time it brought him comfort knowing that the problem could be solved. He felt reassured knowing that he would not have to have a needle poke him where he was not numbed first with his numbing cream. If he thought of a new problem that might arise, we figured out the solution and added it to the social story.

We had a battle with him having to get IVs placed. He would panic, scream, run to hide-one time running past the nurses station on the floor, through the locked doors and all the way to the elevator before I caught up with him. He has difficult veins, no doubt about that.. His fears have been reinforced because it can take up to eleven pokes to get a line in. He's had to be infused through a vein in his foot while he sat for over 6 hours, unable to get up. He's had medical procedures done where they were unsuccessful at getting a line started--even in the OR by experts, while he was asleep! So, he has good reason to be afraid. We could not allow the fear to consume him, though.

Social stories have helped him cope with IV placement ad he continues to have many medical procedures in his life. When he begins to worry about the upcoming blood draw or IV placement, we talk him through itfrom his perspective. A good way to come up with the social story is to allow your child to write the social story from questions you ask as prompts.

Joseph's IV social story goes something like this when he begins to worry:

"Joseph, what can we do to help your veins be ready for tomorow?" He usually answers, "Drink lots of fluids." I reply, "Yes, what do fluids do?" He replies, "They make my veins big and fat so that they are easier to poke!" We then go through the rest of the story with solutions. I remind him that Child Life will come to play with him, that we will not allow them to keep poking, that he ca get the nurses to ask permission to use the mask so that they can place the IV while he is asleep (Note: the gas can cause some children more discomfort upon awakening-this may not be an option for all children) and that he does not have to be afraid. I remind him that I will be there the entire time, he will not be alone.

Since we have been using social stories, I can see how they have helped him to make social stories on his own. He starts to worry and then tells me, Well, mom, if this happens, then I can do this, or this will happen." He has learned to cope! Through using social stories with him, he has found an active coping strategy that he can now employ himself. This is a gift beyond measure, especially knowing that he will continue to face many medical procedures throughout his life.

We March for Our 20 Gifts in Heaven #WhyWeMarch #MarchForLife

This year's theme for the March for Life is "Every life is a gift". This is one of the themes of our lives. 

Each and every one of the 20 children Chris and I lost was a gift. Many people over the years thought us insane for continuing to be open to life after so many losses, but we felt blessed because EVERY LIFE IS A GIFT. God already knew each of these children and yet he allowed them to be conceived - what a beautiful gift it was that He allowed them to be! Seeing their heartbeats brought us great joy and though they are not here with us on earth, we know that we will be reunited with them in heaven. 
#EveryLifeIsAGift #WhyWeMarch #MarchForLife #LifeIsPrecious 

A memento from the past:

Monday, January 19, 2015

Coping with Chronic Illness: Things I have learned on my Quest for a more Peaceful Life.

I wrote this back in January of 2008. Our local hematologist at the time, like this so much that he gave copies of this article to his students.

Coping with Chronic Illness:Things I have learned on my Quest for a more Peaceful Life

Coping with chronic illness is a challenge for the entire family. While it affects each member of the family differently, no one is spared. Each family member has different needs. Needs, that if not addressed, can throw the entire family into chaos. Using active coping strategies can decrease stress and improve the psychological health of every member of the household. As a parent of two children with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome (SDS) and secondary mitochondrial disease, I have learned that there are many things that I can do to relieve stress and help the entire family cope. Limiting the effect of the stress from medical appointments and procedures will enhance the well-being of each member of the family.

Parents Must Take Care of Themselves

In order to be effective parents, we must first be able to understand and cope with the diagnosis ourselves. Before we can help our children, we must be able to help ourselves. The outlets we find and the tools we use are essential to living a full life amid the daily medical routines. Once you have taken care of your child's medical needs and cared for your other children, you must also take care of yourself. I cannot emphasize this point enough. This includes taking time to relax or doing something you enjoy.

If you, as a parent, become ill or unable to care for your child, who will care for your child? Do not feel guilty about doing things that make you feel better and enhance your well-being. Take a friend up on the offer to watxh the kids so you can grab a cup of coffee or relax. So many times, I have been guilty of thinking, "Well, I could use a small break from dealing with medical bills, insurance and doctors, but I don't want to use up all of my favors now. What if my child goes to transplant, what will I do then? Who will help in the future if I take my friend up on this offer now?" I finally started taking my friends up on their offers to help, and I am a better parent for it. We do not know what the future holds for any one of us and we need to trust that our friends understand our struggles. We need to take the time to recharge in the here-and-now so that we are able to care for our family in an effective way. These small breaks have gone a long way in improving my ability to cope with the daily medical challenges of SDS and mito.

Lastly, do not be afraid to educate yourself about your child's illness. Research and ask your child's doctors questions until you fully understand all aspects of the disease. As a parent, you need to have a good understanding of the disease not only to make important treatment decisions, but this knowledge will enable you to help your child cope, as well.

Try to Maintain Routines as Much as Possible

First, we must realize that our normal may not be normal for any other family. It can be difficult to maintain family routines amid appointments, hospital stays and home treatments. The urge to give our children the perfect "normal" life at all cost can sometimes drive us to make unhealthy choices. Do not be afraid to say "No."  If your children miss a play date, a birthday party or an activity at school, the world will not come to an end. If you are not able to volunteer at church or school, the world will not stop spinning. Adding extra jobs and extra activities creates extra stress that may not be in the best interest of creating peace in the household. 

I have learned that everyone misses out on activities at one time or another. These challenges can be a good learning tool and character builder for children. These unfortunate events can make us stronger and more compassionate. I have seen many positive character traits develop in all three of my boys over the years that we have been dealing with our medical challenges. We not only try in vain to give our children the perfect "normal" life, we sometimes try to achieve perfection in all facets of our lives. One thing living with chronic illness has taught me is that we are far from living in that elusive land we call "perfect". On noghts we have to hook one of the boys up to their medication pump, you might find that our kitchen looks like a bomb exploded in the sink! When staying up all night with a sick child or spending time at the hospital, I'm doing well to get the clothes washed....forget folding! Clean clothes are about as close to perfect as I can get. I have learned to live the saying: Don't sweat the small stuff.

Connect with Others 

Do not be afraid to join a support group. You are not weak because you reach our for support from others. We all have a need to be understood. Sometimes, the best place to find the understanding support you need is among a group of families who are battling the same challenges. Sharing experiences and information with these families can be cathartic, energizing and enhance your well-being. I am stronger because of the friendships I have developed through the SDS support group. I no longer feel as if our family is battling SDS alone and I have found a place here I am free to discuss all aspects of the disease and how it affects me and my family.  My children have also developed friendships with the other SDS children they have met through the support group. I have seen how knowing others with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome has helped them feel less alone as they cope with the effects of their illness.

Take Care of Your Spiritual Needs

In the midst of taking care of our physical bodies and those of our children, we can forget that we have spiritual needs. It can be difficult to find time to reflect or to pray amid a normal our normal routine.  The added stress of chronic illness can make it seem as if having a spiritual life is an unattainable reality. Taking the time you need to develop your spiritual life can have a great effect on your ability to cope with adversity. If you are having trouble, do not be afriad to contact your pastor for counseling and spiritual advice. When we effectively balance taking care of our spiritual needs and our physical bosied, we can achieve harmony and find peace in the midst of the chaos.

In ending, I want to point out that there are o right or wrong answers. We all cope with stress differently and we must do what is best for ourselves and our families. Take the time to find active coping strategies that relieve stress and enhance well-being. 

SDS Support Group on Facebook:

Bone Marrow Biopsy Day, What to Expect, How to Survive

I first wrote this in December of 2007 for AC, which no longer exists.

Bone Marrow Biopsy Day
What to Expect, How to Survive

One of the most common questions parents of a newly diagnosed Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome child ask is, "What can we expect when our child has a bone marrow biopsy?"

Most hematologist/oncologists perform the bone marrow biopsy (BMB) at the same time they perform a bone marrow aspiration (BMA). If you are unsure whether or not both a BMB and a BMA wil be performed at the same time, be sure to ask your child's doctor. Protocol for BMBs vary from hospital to hospital, but the actual BMB/BMA procedures themselves are the same. Some hospital protocols will allow one parent to stay in the OR or procedure room while the BMB is being performed, while others will allow a parent to remain in the rom until the child is put under.

Your child will be required to fast prior to the BMB procedure. Some doctors will allow clear liquids up to sic hours prior to the procedure, but this also varies from hospital to hospital. Be sure to ask your child's doctor what time to begin the fast and about clear liquids. You will also need to ask which medications your child will be allowed to take the morning of his BMB. You will likely be asked to arrive approximately two hours prior to the procedure. After you check in with the nurse or front desk, your child will have an IV placed and blood drawn for routine labs (or any extra labs that may be necessary). Some hospitals may require a pre-operative appointment before the BMB.

Soon after your child's IV is placed, you'll be asked to escort him to the OR or procedure rom. The anesthesiologist will go through a list of questions and examin yor child. At this point, your child will be put to sleep and you will be asked to leave the OR if hospital protocol so requires. The procedure takes about twenty minutes total.

The biopsy site, usually the iliac crest (in the back, just above the hop), is first cleaned with Betadine or something similar. The hematologist wil then inject a solution of Lidocaine aroud the biopsy site. The bone marrow aspiration needle with stylet is then inserted, penetrates the bone and enters the bone marrow cavity. The stylet is then removed and marrow extracted using a syringe. Once the marow is extracted, the needle is removed. For the biopsy portion of the procedure, a different needle is used. Once the biopsy needle is inserted and hits bone, the stylet is removed. The biopsy needle is then moved in an alternating clockwise-counterclockwise motion. The biopsy needle reminds me of an oldfashioned corkscrew! Once the biopsy sample is obtained, the nurse or doctor will apply gauze to the site with pressure to stop any bleeding. A sterile dressing is then placed over the biopsy site and should remain in place for 24 hours. Following the procedure, your child will be moved to the recovery rom. Once he starts to wake up, you will be called back to be with him.  Once he is able to sit up and drink, his IV will be removed and you will be discharged shortly thereafter.

Your child will likely be a bit unsteady on his feet at first, but that will improve quickly. The biopsy site will cause him to have mild to moderate pain for a day or two following the procedure. The doctor will give you instructions on what medications can be used for pain management. My boys have had some 25 plus BMBs each and we have never had any complications arise. If you notice excessive bleeding or the biopsy site seems to be infected, contact your child's doctor immediately. 

Survival Tips

Over the years, we have developed what we call our "Bone Marrow Biopsy Day Strategy". Hopefully, some of what we have learned over the years will be of help to you. 

If you have a child who has never had an IV placed or who is afraid of getting an IV, you can request a special numbing cream such as EMLA be used. The cream is placed on potential IV sites one hour prior to the IV being startd. Keep in mind that some children might find it worse using EMLA because of the hour waiting with the EMLA causes them anxiety. My youngest would panic the entire time the EMLA was on, which made BMB day worse for him. 

The night before the marrow biopsy, we usually allow our boys to stay up later and allow them to eat something just before bed. This helps because they will sleep until just before leaving for the hospital and won't miss not going through their regular breakfast routine. We also remember to bring along some of their favorite snacks and driks to the hospital so that they can eat as soon as the doctors allow. Some hospitals will offer your child a breakfast or lunch tray after the procedure. 

Bringing stuffed animals or a favorite toy along is also very helpful. If your child likes to play doctor, a toy doctor's bag with pay doctor tools can be a great coping tool. Some hospitals will give children splints, tape, IV tubing and other goodies for your child's doctor bag. It can never hurt to ask. Keep in mind that some hospitals will not alow any personal ites in the OR, while others will allow one or two. You'll need to check hospital policy ahead of time, so as not to cause your child any undo stress if his favorite toy can't come along with him to the OR for his procedure. 

If you have a child who has to have repeat bone marrow biopsies and he is scared, you might consider purchasing an anxiety workbook to help your child cope with medical procedures. You can even make your own "Bone Marrow Biopsy Day" book. We made a book when my kids were little and had it published later. Several child life departments use the book, too! Children want to know what happens while they are asleep, and taking pictures is a great way to show them. In our case, we have taken many pictures over the years and also had a wonderful doctor who took pictures for us during the entire procedure. Our book was a hit not only with Child Life, but with the entire staff! Many signed a copy my boys brought with them to their bone marrow biopsies. 

For many children, like those with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome, repeat medical procedures is a normal part of life. As parents, we can help our children cope by preparing ourselves and equipping the with the tools they need to cope.

You can order my book for the Nook here.

Here is a video I put together from one of my boys' BMB days:

Here is a interactive online game that helps children discover the role that bone marrow plays in the body and why bone marrow aspirations and biopsies are important

Tweetfest: March for Life #WhyWeMarch #MarchForLife

If you can't join your fellow Americans in DC for the January 22 March for Life, you can join us on Twitter. There will be a TweetFest all day using the hashtags #MarchForLife #WhyWeMarch

Here is the doublesided sign I made for the march on Thursday.